Language affects various aspects of a countries culture, people and policies. From the way one’s thought processes are formed to the ways it can be interpreted, language holds a central role in global interactions.
Iran is a nation that hosts a wide variety of language speakers. The most common one spoken is Farsi, otherwise known as Persian to Westerners. Farsi is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. Over half of the population of Iran speaks Farsi. What is unique about Farsi is that many words either overlap with French or have similar roots. The French and Iranian people have shared a friendly relationship since the Middle Ages, after experiencing a brief rough patch, are now continuing with their past history. On Jan. 28, French President Francois Hollande met with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani met in Paris to work on a major trade agreement. With that being said, there are many French words spoken in everyday Farsi language.
The second most common language spoken by approximately 18% of Iranians is Azerbaijani, a form of Turkish dialect. This is followed by Kurdish, which is spoken by 10% of Iranians and then small patches of Luri, Arabic and Balochi encompass the diverse language set of the Iranian people .
There are three categories of Iranian languages: Ancient, Middle and Modern. Most of the evidence of these languages is remnants of ancient texts and poetry , as they are no longer spoken and have few connections with the current languages of Iran.
Iran was one of the 51 original members of the UN since it’s founding in 1945, but now has a controversial role in UN relations. Since 2008, there have been several sanctions passed by the Security Council against Iran, including a mandate of an Iran Sanctions Committee Panel of Experts. Here is a report of the committee’s meetings.
International Monetary Fund
Iran has been a member of the IMF since 1945 as well. Iran was under review by the IMF from Dec. 3 to Dec. 14 2016 to assess the state of the nation after a recession in 2015. The IMF stated that the economy is rebounding due to oil production and exports. The IMF noted Iran has a “strong commitment to AML/CFT reform that helps facilitate the expansion of correspondent banking relations,” as well as a prediction for an increase of its GDP to 6.6 percent. A challenge Iran faces is developing a long term plan for sustainable activity and growth.
World Trade Organization
Unlike the UN and IMF, Iran has had a rough history with the WTO. Iran first applied for admission in 1996. Their application was not considered for five years due to tensions with the United States. It was brought up 22 times, and was finally approved in 2005. However, Iran has only reached an observer status in the WTO, and their exports have increased exponentially since 2005.
The Gini Coefficient of Iran is 44.5, and they are currently ranked 46th in the world, out of 176 nations. In relation to the United States, which is 45.0, the coefficients are very similar. The Gini Coefficient measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of income. The lower the Gini coefficient is, the more equal the country is. Iran’s 44.5 coefficient signals a significant inequality in the country.