When the Earth first came into existence, resources were plentiful and land was beautiful and uncontaminated. Whether you believe the Earth was created thousands, millions, or even billions of years ago, this time has taken its toll on the environment. There are many different ideas of what contributes to environmental problems, but they almost all fall within one category: human activity. Land that can be lived on is much scarcer than it once was, largely because humans are reproducing at a fast rate. Land and animals used for food are disappearing as a result of climate change, which is caused by greenhouse gases and pollution; also a product of human activity.
The Inuits are among the first to see the affects of global climate change. Animals that generally live in warmer climates are starting to show up and disrupt their communities. At the same time, it is predicted that the animals they hunt will soon start to disappear, because they were built to live in colder environments. Inuits have been urging world leaders to limit the heat their industries omit for over a decade, but the developed world is hesitant to cooperate. This is largely due to the fact that this extra heat is a byproduct of economic growth. Climate change has not affected most of the developed world yet, so they have no real incentives to change their lifestyle. Many will even claim that climate change is a myth. Sadly, many people other than the Inuits are affected by environmental crises.
In Afghanistan, water scarcity is a large environmental crisis. The geographical location, wars, and climate change have all played a part in creating this issue. Afghanistan could use help from a charity organization such as water.org, but water.org is not active in Afghanistan or anywhere in the Middle East yet.
Afghanistan is a landlocked country, so its primary source of drinking water is streams and rivers. A good amount of water flows into the nation, but because of a lack of infrastructure, less than half of this water is available to Afghans. The rest runs into neighboring countries, and causes many disputes over who has the right to use this water. Most of the water that does get used by Afghans does not stay clean for long. Because of the underdevelopment of the nation, most of the water gets contaminated by human waste. In order for this issue to be solved, someone would have to be willing to fund the development of sanitation facilities and structures to help keep water in Afghanistan. As of now, no one is willing to do this because of the war culture. Developed nations fear that if they were to spend the billions of dollars necessary to build reservoirs, canals, and other infrastructure, they would just be torn apart by war. You may be thinking that climate change would melt glaciers and actually increase water supply. This is not necessarily the case. While there may be more water available on Earth as glaciers melt, the distribution of the water changes. This could, in time, cause the rivers of the Afghan mountains to dry up, which would worsen the crisis.
While state leaders and other political figures are not doing much to help the Afghan environment, organizations such as EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) and Greenpeace are working to bring attention to the water crisis in Afghanistan, as well as to raise money to build infrastructure where it is desperately needed.
Since most people in wealthy areas of the world take our current supply of clean water for granted, this video may help you see how dirty the Earth is becoming and how the lack of clean water directly impacts human beings around the world. This is the reason that every nation, every world leader, and everyone who can has an obligation to keep this planet clean and safe.